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Archive > Year 2021, Number 1

Differences in reaction time capabilities in physically active subjects of different age


Marković Stefan


The aim of this paper is to determine the differences in overall reaction capabilities related to age of the participants. The sample in this research consisted of 173 physically active participants divided in 4 age groups. The results of MANOVA have shown a statistically significant overall effect of age on the reaction time capabilities (L = 0.58, F= 2.56, p = 0.000) while the results of subsequent ANOVA have shown that inter-group differences are significant in relation to simple reaction time (F=16.519, p=0.000, Eta2=0.227), go/no-go reaction time (F=14.588, p=0.000, Eta2=0.206) and choice reaction time(F=26.342, p=0.000, Eta2=0.319), as well as for the go/no-go reaction time variation (F=4.238, p=0.006, Eta2=0.070). Post-hoc tests revealed per-variable differences between groups. The results confirmed the change of reaction time capabilities from childhood, through adolescence, to adulthood. The changes are primarily related to the shortening of reaction time, while variation of reaction time is mostly unaffected. The established results mainly reflect the processes of development and maturation of neuro‐visual and motor potential of the human body during childhood and adolescence, but remain inconclusive in relation to the effect of maturation of cognitive potential for attention focus in different RT tasks.


visual reaction time, go/no go reaction time, choice reaction time

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