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Archive > Year 2009, Number 1

Physiological And Medical Strategies In Post-Competition Recovery–Practical Implications Based On Scientific Evidence


Calleja Julio, Faculty of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences, University of the Basque Country
Jukić Igor, Faculty of Kinesiology
Ostojić Sergej, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Novi Sad
Terrados Nicolás, Departamento de biología Funcional, Universidad de Oviedo


Recovery from exercise is an important factor in the performance. During competition, where athletes may compete numerous times over a few days, enhancing recovery may provide a competitive strategy. Nutrition significantly influences sports recovery; however, the efficacy of any nutritional supplement should be carefully considered in relation to the event on the one hand, and the sex, training and nutritional status of the athletes on the other. In addition to the replenishment of muscle glycogen, there are other major objectives of post-competition recovery that have been examined in scientific literature and applied in the field. These include restoration of body fluid balance, improved performance (or training stimulus) in subsequent exercise tasks, increased protein synthesis, attenuated protein degradation, and attenuated muscle damage/muscle soreness. However, each new recovery strategy should be practised in training before it is used in competition.


fatigue, exercise-induced muscle injury, protein, sleep, probiotics

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