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Archive > Year 2011, Number 1

The effects of vision training on performance in tennis players


Gaurang Shukala, Guru Nanak Dev University
Maman Paul, Guru Nanak Dev University
Sandhu Jaspal, Guru Nanak Dev University


Vision may be the most variable and selective of all the senses. Attempting to observe fast movements that occur in sports places a great demand on human vision. There is a conspicuous lack of literature on the role of vision training and its effect on the performance in tennis players. Hence an essential study needs to be conducted to see the efficacy of vision training so that it can be optimal for regular practice. Thirty healthy male university level tennis players aged 18-25 (21.6±2.23) years with normal vision participated in the study and were randomly allocated into three groups: Group I - experimental (n=10), Group II - control (n=10) & Group III - placebo (n=10). Pre-training readings for reaction time, depth perception, ocular motility (revised Hart chart), and accommodation (Hart chart) were measured for all groups. The experimental group underwent eight weeks of vision training three days a week for 30 minutes each. The placebo group was instructed to watch televised tennis matches, while the control group was not given any training. At the end of eight weeks’ training, the pre-training evaluation protocol was repeated. Pre- and post-test results were obtained for reaction time, depth perception, accommodation, saccadic eye movements and tennis performance. The statistical analysis indicated significant improvement in all mentioned visual variables in the experimental group (p<0.001) and the placebo group (p<0.01), and non-significant results in the control group.


Vision Training, reaction time, depth perception, ocular motility, tennis performance

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